Marconi patented a whole wireless system in 1897 and he was the primary to present a demonstration of wireless telegraphy. He built on theoretical work of Maxwell and Hertz to ship and receive Morse Code. The system used long wave (>> 1 km) indicators and spark transmitter technology, requiring very large, high energy transmitters. Using massive wave lengths also required lengthy antennas. This hindered the development of mobile system, apart from maritime (ship-to-shore) communications.
It is why the world’s main search engine is evolving right into a live, custom-made, and predictive move of data branded Google Now”; why e mail is giving strategy to texting, and why blogs are being outmoded by Twitter feeds. It is why children at school can not follow linear arguments; why narrative construction collapsed into reality TV; and why we will not interact in meaningful dialogue about last month’s books and music, much less lengthy-time period international points.
Marconi had demonstrated the rules of blind navigation in the early nineteen thirties and by 1935 Sir Robert Watson-Watt was beginning his experiments into radar off the Suffolk coast. In 1937 the Company acquired the expertise to fulfil Government orders for transmitter aerials for CH (Chain Home) stations, Britain’s first air defence radar network.
This line of thinking, in turn, means that the current method we store information—through digital documents and information—and distribute it—via e-mail, e-books, e-zines, and the like—may signify a transition stage on this know-how. Such codecs mimic the types that emerged from the printing press and paper expertise and, because of their familiarity, have enabled us to adapt to the entry of digital data more easily. But additionally they reinforce a linear way of thinking about data inherently at odds with the weblike manner by which we more and more see the world.
Given the problems highlighted within the current Public Protector reports on the procurement of workplaces for the South African Police Service (SAPS)2 and subsequent repercussions, this paper takes its cue from the saga to make clear the questions of what corruption is, its results by way of institutional efficiency and its implications for governance, considering the broader socio-political context and how it affects the very notion and apply of corruption.