Ever because the beginnings of time, individuals have been making an attempt to speak over distances larger than the human voice might reach. Early attempts included the use of smoke alerts, signal fires, waving flags, and the moving arms of semaphores. Mirrors were also used to flash the picture of the solar to distant observers.
the period 2009/2010-2010/2011, and the ratio of significant crimes to inhabitants decreased by 3.7 share points (SAPS 2011). It might be argued that whether there is corruption shouldn’t be related so long as results are achieved. However, corruption tends to perpetuate energy imbalances, finally undermining the institution’s capability to deliver. Furthermore, in a context of elevated social tensions, the necessity for the police to be perceived as a reliable mediator is important to maintain political stability.
Jumping from physics to economics, the physical traits of spectrum imply that it’s a scarce useful resource with properties that may lead to the ‘tragedy of the commons’ with out regulation or property rights. The flip aspect of this is that scarcity has worth – maybe best illustrated by the UK 3G spectrum auctions that were run just prior to the crash.
CHRISTOPHER SOGHOIAN: So, the phone firms do not do a very good in securing their communications. The encryption expertise that is built into your phone, the expertise that protects your phone calls and text messages as they go over the air, the encryption was constructed in the late ’80s and early ’90s. It was—types of it have been broken within the nineties by graduate students, and we’re still using it today.
Ofcom was established by the Office of Communications Act 2002 (the ‘Ofcom Act’). Ofcom operates below quite a few Acts of Parliament and other legislation. These include (but are usually not restricted to) the Communications Act 2003; the Wireless Telegraphy Act 2006; the Broadcasting Acts 1990 and 1996; the Digital Economy Act 2010; the Postal Providers Act 2011; the Competition Act 1998; and the Enterprise Act 2002.